OPSC Main Exam Syllabus : Home Science

Updated on: Apr 18, 2013

Section A - (Food & Nutrition)

1. Study of Foods : Importance, Composition, nutritive value of Cereals, Pulses, Vegetables and Fruits, Fleshy foods (Meat, Fish, Poultry, Egg), Milk & Milk products, Fats and oils.
2. Study of Nutrients : Classification, sources, function, requirement and deficiencies of Proteins, Fats, Carbohymates, Minerals, Vitamins, Water and Roughages.
3. Utilisation of Food : Digestion, absorption and metabolism of Proteins, Fat and Carbodhydrates. Basal metabolism and factors affecting Basal metabolism methods of measurement of Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR), Total energy requirement and factors affecting requirement.
4. Therapeutic Nutrition : Therapeutic adoption of normal diets, Factors to be considered in planning therapeutic diets. Dietary management in case of Diabetes, Nephritis, Peptic ulcer, Hypertension, Atherosclerosis, Liver Cirrhosis and hepatitis.
5. Food spoilage : Causes of food spoilage and food contamination. Food adulteration and food poisoning measuring quality of food, control of food quality (Codex Alimentarius, Bureau of Indian standards(BIS) FPO,Ag mark, ISI).
6. Malnutrition : Causes and effect of malnutrition on the vulnerable section of the society, effect of malnutrition on national development. Measures to combat malnutrition – National nutrition policy and programmes. Role of ICDS, WHO, UNICEF, NIN, NFI, CFTRI, FTRI, NNMB in combating malnutrition.

Section B - (Human Development and Family Studies)

1. Basis of human development : How life begins, role of genetic and environment factors affecting human development, stages and factors affecting pre-natal growth and development.
2. Development of children (0-5 years) : Physical and Motor development, Intellectual development (Piaget’s stages of development) Development of emotion.
3. Development of children (0-5 years) : Speech development, Social development, Personality development (Role of family, School, Community and Mass Media).
4. Exceptional Children : Meaning, Classification of exceptional children. Management and care of Gifted, Mentally and Physically challenged and Sensory impaired children.
5. Adolescent Development : Physical and sexual development, Social and Emotional changes, Development of aspiration and achievement, Personality development and Family relationships.
6. Family life cycle : Significance, stages and developmental task and problems associated with each stages of family life cycle. Contemporary family problems Marital problems, Financial, Sickness, Accidents, Dowry, Divorce, Old age, Employed Women. Strengthening families through counseling.


Section A

(I) Family Resource Management

1. Management of family Resources : Time management – Time demand during life cycle, Tools in time management, Leisure time, factors to be considered in making time plan. Energy management – Relation of energy to stages of family life cycle, energy cost of household tasks, work simplification techniques.
2. Money management : Family income, stages of family life cycle and use of money, budgeting, saving and investing the money for future. Supplementing family income.
3. Housing and Interior decoration : Selection of site, house layout, floor plans, space distribution with reference to activities, building components and materials. Furnishing : types (furniture, curtains and draperies, wall treatment, floor covering, upholstery, lighting), planning, obtaining information, evaluating cost, principles of interior designing followed in furnishing the house.

II) Textile and clothing

4. Textile fibers : Classification of textile fibers, according sources and chemical composition, manufacturing process, physical, chemical and other properties of Cotton, Wool, Silk. Rayon, Acrylic, Polyester.
5. Fiber to Fabric : Construction yarn making process, Types of yarns, fabric construction techniques, Weaving, parts of loom, Types of weaves; Fabric finishes (textural finishes, functional finishes) Different dyeing and printingmethods.
6. Wardrobe Planning, Colour combination in textile designing, criteria ofselection of clothes for different age groups, climatic conditions and occasions for men, women and children.

Section B - (Home Science Extension Education)

1. Extension Education : Concept, philosophy, objectives and scope of extension education. Role and qualities of extension worker. Need for Home-Science Extension Education.
2. Extension Education & Development : Objectives of Home-Science Extension Education, Development aspects of extension, Extension as a programme and process, Field covered, financing, planning and characteristic of extension.
3. Programme planning : Meaning, nature, principle and scope of programme planning, steps of making a programme characteristic of a good programme planning programme implementation and evaluation.
4. Communication in Extension : Importance, elements of Communication, Communication process, Communication models, scope and purpose of communication, Communication channels.
5. Community Development : Concept, scope, principles and limitation of Community development and Community Organization, Subject matter of community development. Community Development programmes – objectives, principles and types of community development programmes, Role of Panchayati Raj, Village Schools, Cooperatives, Mahila mandals, Youth and farmers club, Self help Groups, Government and non-Governmental agencies in Extension programmes.
6. Teaching & Learning in extension : Education, extension teaching methods, classification and selection of appropriate method, feature, advantage and limitation of different methods of teaching (mass, group, individual) Audiovisual aids – planning, selection and types of visual, audio and audio-visual aids contribution of audio-visual aids in extension teaching.

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