OPSC Pre Exam Syllabus - Botany

Updated on: Apr 18, 2013
   1. Cell Biology : Structure And Function Of Cell Wall And Extra-Cellular Matrix, Cell Membrane, Cytoplasmic Organelles, Nucleus, Nucleolus, Chromosomes, Cell Cycle, Mitosis And Meiosis, Regulation Of Cell Cycle.

   2. Genetics, Molecular Biology And Evolution : Laws Of Inheritance, Linkage And Crossing Over, Genetic Mapping, Structural And Numerical Changes In Chromosomes, Gene Mutation And Its Molecular Basis, Sex-Determination, Sex-Linked Inheritance, Structure Of Nucleic Acids, Dna Replication, Gene Expression - Transcription, Translation, Regulation Of Gene Expression In Prokaryotes. Origin Of Earth And Origin Of Life, Theories Of Organic Evolution, Molecular Basis Of Evolution.

   3. Biotechnology : Plant Cell, Tissue And Organ Culture, Protoplast Culture And Somatic Hybridization, Genetic Engineering - Restriction Enzymes And Recombinant Dna Technology, Biotechnology In Agri-Horticulture (Role Of Genetic Engineering In Crop Improvement), Medicine And Industry, Biofertizer And Biopesticides.

   4. Plant Diversity : Classical, Five-Kingdom And Three-Domain, Classification, General Characteristic Features Of Viruses, Bacteria, Algae, Fungi, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms And Angiosperms, Nomenclature And Classification Of Flowering Plants, Modern Approaches In Plant Taxonomy.

   5. Plant Physiology: Concept Of Water Potential, Diffusion, Osmosis, Absorption Of Water, Ascent Of Sap, Transpiration; Ion Uptake, Active And Passive Uptake Of Solutes; Phloem Transport; Nitrogen Metabolism - Biological Nitrogen Fixation, Assimilation Of Nitrate And Ammonia.

   6. Plant Biochemistry : Enzymes – Nature, Classification, Properties, Kinetics, Mode Of Action, Allosteric Enzymes; Photosynthesis – Light And Dark Reaction (C3, C4 And Cam Cycles), Photophosphorylation; Respiration – Glycolysis, Fermentation, Oxidative Phosphorylation; Photorespiration; Role Of Isotopes In Biochemical Studies.

   7. Growth, Reproduction And Seed Biology : Dynamics Of Growth, Growth Movements, Growth Substances, Photomorphogenesis, Physiology Of Flowering - Photoperiodism And Vernalization. Vegetative, Asexual And Sexual Methods Of Reproduction, Pollination And Fertilization, Sexual Incompatibility, Development, Structure, Dormancy And Germination Of Seeds.

   8. Plant Pathology : Diseases Of Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane, Potato, Mustard, Groundnut And Cotton Crops. Factors Affecting Infection (Host Factors, Pathogen Factors, Biotic Factors Like Rhizosphere And Phyllosphere Organisms); Chemical, Biological And Genetic Methods Of Disease Control.

   9. Plant And Environment :
Biotic And Abiotic Components, Ecological Adaptations, Types Of Vegetational Zones And Forests Of India. Deforestation, Afforestation, Social Forestry And Plant Introduction; Soil Erosion, Wasteland Reclamation; Environmental Pollution And Its Control (Including Phytoremediation); Bioindicators, Global Warming.

  10. Biodiversity, Plant Genetic Resources: Methods Of Conservation Of Plant Genetic Resources And Its Importance, Convention Of Biological Diversity (Cbd), Endangered, Threatened And Endemic Taxa. Role Of Cell/Tissue Culture In Propagation And Enrichment Of Genetic Diversity, Plants As Sources Of Food, Fodder, Forage, Fibres, Oils, Drugs, Wood And Timber, Paper, Rubber, Beverages, Spices, Essential Oils And Resins, Gums, Dyes, Insecticides, Pesticides And Ornamentation; Biomass As A Source Of Energy.
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