OPSC Pre Exam Syllabus : Fishery Science

Updated on: Apr 18, 2013
1. General Fisheries: Role Of Fisheries And Aquaculture In Indian Economy And Human Health. Fisheries Resources Of India. Utilization Of Different Aquatic Resources For Fish Production. Geographical Distribution  Of Fishes In India. Fisheries Education And Research In India. Organisational Setups In Fisheries Development At National And International Context. Frontier Research And Global Scenario In Fisheries And Aquaculture. Growth And Development Of Fisheries And Aquaculture During Different Plan Periods In India; FisheriesAnd Aquaculture Regulatory Acts. Disaster Awareness Related To Fisheries And Aqua Culture.

2. Fishery Resource Management : Inland, Marine And Estuarine Capture Fishery Resources Of India. Catch Statistics; Major Indian River Systems, Reservoirs And Lacustrine Fisheries. Conservation And Management Of Inland, Marine And Reservoir Fisheries.Fishery Resources Of Exclusive Economic Zone. Maximum Sustainable Yield; Maximum Economic Yield; Catch Per Unit Effort; Mortality, Exploitation Rate And Ratio; Fisheries Regulation; Potential Fishing Zone, Major Exploited Marine Fisheries Of India And TheirPresent Status. Survey And Evaluation System Of Aquatic Recourses. Fisheries Legislation-International, National And State.

3. Fishery Biology. Systematics Of Commercially Important Finfishes And Shellfishes WithParticular Reference To East Cost Of India. Anatomy And Physiology Of Cartilaginous Fish(Scoliodon), Bony Fishes (Carps, Murrels, Catfish, Seabass), And Shell Fishes (Prawn,Shrimp, Crab, Squids, Cuttlefish, Lamellidens, Mussels) With Particular Reference To TheirSkeletal, Digestive, Circulatory, Respiratory, Excretory, Reproductive And Nervous System.Osmoregulation, Migration, Energetic and Environmental Effects. Food And Feeding HabitsOf Cultivable Fishes And Shellfishes. Breeding Habits, Gonochorism, Secondary Sexual Characters And Parental Care. Maturity Stages And, Gametogenesis. Embryology OfFinfishes And Shellfishes. Different Endocrine Glands Viz., Pituitary, Thyroid, Interrenal, Corpuscles Of Stanius, Hypothalamo-Hypophysial Complex, Ovary, Testis X And Y Organs.

4. Aquacultural Principles And Practices: Principles, Definition And Scope Of Aquaculture. History Of Aquaculture And Present Global Scenario. Construction And DesignOf Fish Farms Hatcheries And Aquaria. Soil And Water Quality Management In Pond Ecosystem - Manuring, Liming, Fertilisation And Aeration Of Culture Ponds. Types Of Aquaculture-Extensive, Semi Intensive, Intensive. Diversification In Aquaculture – Cage,Pen, Bheri & Bheel And Waste Water Culture. Mono Culture And Composite Culturte. Integrated Aquaculture, Ornamental Fish Breeding And Culture, Pearl Culture.Coastal Aquaculture And Mariculture ( Finfish, Edible Oyster, Sea Weed, Pearl, Mussels).Nutritional Requirements Of Cultivable Finfishes And Shellfishes; Probiotics, Essential Amino Acids, Antinutritional Factor, Feed Conversion; Nutritional Bioenergetics Of Fish;Fish Feed Technology, Culture Of Fish Food Organisms. Common Parasitic,(Protozoa, Helminth And Crustacean) Bacterial, Fungal, Viral And Environmental Diseases In Finfish And Shellfish And Their Management.

5. Fish Seed Production And Management: Bundh And Happa Breeding, Hypophysation Techniques, Synthetic Agents And Their Principles In Induced Breeding. T-types Of Hatcheries. Seed Production And Hatchery Management Of Indian Major Carps, ExoticCarps, Air Breathing Fishes, Common Ornamental Fishes, Mahaseer, Trouts, Seabass, Mullets, Milkfish, Groupers, Fresh Water Prawns, Shrimps And Crabs. Brood Stock Management Of Fishes, Prawn And Shrimp. Nursery Management For Seed Raising In Carps,Prawns And Shrimps.

6. Aquatic Environment: Fresh Water, Marine And Brackish Water Ecosystem –Physico – Chemical Parameters; Biological Communities-Plankton, Benthos AndMacrophytes; Productivity; Food Chain And Food Web; Nutrient Cycles; Waves, Tides,Currents, Upwelling, Mudflats, Beach Profile. Meteorological Parameters And Their EffectOn Fisheries. Classification Of Ponds, Lakes, Rivers, Reservoir And Estuaries. ImportantAquatic Biodiversity Zones. Conservation And Management Of Coral Reefs, EndangeredFishes, Turtles And Aquatic Mammals. Aquatic Pollution-Types Of Pollutants And TheirControl, Effect Of Pollution On Fish And Other Aquatic Organisms. OceanographyEquipments.

7. Genetics, Biotechnology And Biochemistry : Karyology, Genetic Characterization ,Genome Manipulation And Selective Breeding. Aquaculture And Marine Biotechnology.Structure Of Protein, Lipid, Carbohydrates, Nucleic Acids, Enzymes, Vitamins And Coenzymes. Metabolism Of Protein, Carbohydrate And Lipids. Estimation Of Protein,Carbohydrate, Lipid And Their Derivatives. Buffers.

8. Aquatic Microbiology : Microscopes And Microscopy; Staining Techniques, WetMount And Hanging Drop Preparation. General Organization And Reproduction Of Bacteria, Fungi, Virus; Host-Microbe Interaction, Antibiotics. Immunology – Definition And Scope.Role Of Microbes In Nutrient Cycles. Microbiological Media And Culture Characteristics.Biochemical, Serological And Molecular Tests For Identification Of Bacteria.

9. Harvest And Post Harvest Technology: Classification Of Fishing Methods. Crafts And Gear Used In India. Design, Construction And Maintenance Of Fishing Crafts And Gear.Navigational Aids Used In Fishing. Seamanship. Operation Of Fishing Gears. Nutritional Importance Of Fish As Food. Post Mortem Changes. Handling Of Fresh Fish. Methods Of Chilling-Icing, Refrigerated Sea Water And Chilled Sea Water Stowage. Transport Of Fresh Fish. Principles Of Fish Preservation. Methods Of Fish Preservation-Freezing, Canning,Curing, Value Added Products. Fish Byproducts. Micro Organisms In Fish And Fishery Products. Quality Control, Quality Assurance, Quality Standards. Plant Sanitation. Export Of Fishery Products And Byproducts.

10. Social Sciences: Sampling Methods; Measures Of Central Tendency; Probability; Distribution, Correlation And Regression; Testing Of Hypothesis; Design Of Experiments.Definition, Theories And Laws Of Economics. Economic Structure Of Capture And Culture Fisheries. Fish Marketing In India. International Trade And Exchange. Employment Generation In Fisheries And Aquaculture. Nutritional Security. Role Of Cooperatives And Financial Institutions In Fisheries. Concepts, Principles, Scope And Objectives Of Extension.Extension Teaching Methods. Modes Of Technology Transfer–Training, Demonstration,Trials. Extension Education Aids. Extension Functionaries (Ffda, Bfda, Natp,Atma).
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