OPSC Pre Exam Syllabus : Geography

Updated on: Apr 18, 2013

Physical Georgraphy
I) Geomorphology : Origin Of The Earth; Interior Of The Earth; Types And Characteristics Of Rocks & Soils; Folding And Faulting; Volcanoes; Earthquakes; Landforms Caused By Fluvial, Aeolian And Glacial Actions.
II) Climatology : Structure And Composition Of Atmosphere; Temperature; Pressure Belts And Wind Systems; Clouds And Rainfall Types; Cyclones And Anti-Cyclones; Major Climatic Regions.
III) Oceanography : Ocean Relief; Temperature; Salinity; Ocean Deposits; Ocean Currents, Waves And Tides.
IV) Biogeography : Major Biomes Of The World; Ecosystem And Food Chain; Environmental Degradation And Conservation. Disaster Management.


Human Geography
I) Man And Environment Relationship
Concepts Of Determinism And Possibilism. Major Cultural Realms Of The World.
II) Population
Races Of Mankind And Tribes; Growth And Distribution Of World Population; Migration; Population Problems Of Developed And Developing Countries.
III) Economic Activities Food Gathering And Hunting; Pastoral Herding; Fishing And Forestry; Types Of Agricultureshifting, Subsistence, Commercial And Plantation; Mining, Power; Manufacturing - Locational Factors Of Textile, Iron And Steel, Sugar And Fertilizer Industries; Trade, Transport, Communication And Services.
IV) Settlements Origin, Types And Patterns Of Rural And Urban Settlements; Processes Of Urbanisation; Morphology And Functional Classification Of Towns;

Section-C - Geography Of The World

I) Major Natural Regions : Characteristics, Economic Base And Human Adaptation.
II) Regional Geography Of Developed Countries : U.S.A., Japan, Australia
III) Regional Geography Of Developing Countries : China, Brazil And Egypt.

Section-D - Geography Of India

I) Physical Setting :
Landforms, Drainage, Climate, Soils And Natural Vegetation.
II) Economic Base : Minerals – Iron Ore, Bauxite, Limestone & Gypsum, Energy
Resources- Coal, Petroleum, Hydel Atomic, Aquatic Resources, Forest Resources;
Irrigation, Agriculture And Industries; (Textile, Iron & Steel, Paper And Fertilizer), Trade And Commerce.
III) Population : Growth, Distribution And Density; Demographic Characteristics.
IV) Environment & Development : Environmental Problems, Issues, Regional Development And Planning.

Section-E - Geographical Thought

I) Ancient Period : Contributions Of Indians, Greeks, Romans And Arabs.
II) Pre-Modern Period : Contribution Of Kant, Humboldt And Ritter.
III) Modern Period : Dichotomy Of Determinism And Possibilism; Contributions Of Ratzel, Huntington And La Blache.
IV) Recent Period : Quantitative Revolution; Radicalism, Behaviouralism And Humanism.

Section-F - Techniques Of Geographical Analysis

I) Maps : Scale And Types, Uses.
II) Diagrams : Types And Uses'
III) Projections : Types, Characteristics And Uses.
IV) Remote Sensing And Geographical Information System (GIS) : Aerial Photographs And Imagery, GIS.

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